An Ottoman Statesman in War and Peace: Ahmed Resmi Efendi

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The result is described as the battle of Armageddon. "And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty." (16:12-14) Working on the basis that political powers in Scripture are frequently referred to by the river which ran through their territory, Bible students at least as far back as the 18th century interpreted the drying up of the river Euphrates as the shrinking of the then powerful Turkish empire.

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A Short History of Iraq: From 636 to the Present

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Remember that without regulation cheap oil had proven to be an economic boost. At this Conference, the starting point must be the past. This marker is located along the Frontier Military Byway. Some men wore shorts and all wore 'hose' (tights or stockings). This organic law shall be framed in agreement with the native authorities and shall take into account the rights, interests and wishes of all the population inhabiting the said territory.

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Levi Eshkol: From Pioneering Operator to Tragic Hero - A

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Religion, Disability & Health 10 (3/4) 85-99. GRANEK M (1975) La concept de la folie dans la société juive traditionelle. Although born a Kurd he became the greatest of Arab leaders, uniting the lands of Egypt and Syria in the 12th century. Its debts are not owed by its members as individuals. As-Safadi, who died in 1363, compiled the biographies of 313 distinguished blind Arabs of medieval times. (Many of them actually lost their sight late in life). (See ZAKI PACHA; also MALTI-DOUGLAS).

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Hafiz and the Religion of Love in Classical Persian Poetry

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Behind the portcullis was a covered passageway running through the gatehouse. The Ransom Family Papers collection is an important source for anyone studying 20th-century African-American business and civil rights leadership in Indianapolis. Morby [Oxford University Press, 1989, 2002, pp.215-221], Historical Records of the Five Dynasties, by Ouyang Xiu [translated by Richard L. See pp. 186-206 on 'Childhood and Education'. There were no monuments or gravestones; instead stones from the fields would be used and called fieldstones. ‘The land in this area of Rhode Island was basically undisturbed until the last decade of the 20th century.” Because the Straight (aka Over-back) Cemetery has been disturbed, the thirty-six fieldstones recorded by James Arnold in May of 1892 are not all visible today.

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Flight from Babylon: Iraq, Iran, Israel, America

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VANZAN, Anna & PALADIN, Francesco (1992) Epilepsy and Persian culture: an overview. Iran already owned its operations but it now it put the National Iranian Oil Company in charge of all operations thus reducing the companies to contractors. Google Scholar Albarella, U., Dobney, K., and Rowley-Conwy, P. (eds.) (2006). BP followed suit in 1970 and Shell and Exxon joined them in 1971 with their find in the Brent field. By 1991 the Intifadeh had all but ended, but massive Israeli repression in this period laid the seeds for future violence (see First Intifada ).

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I SAW RAMALLAH (H) (Modern Arabic Writing)

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However, the British government considered nationalizing their portion of the field and formed the British National Oil Corporation (BNOC) which held title to the government's concession and the right to buy 51% of North Sea production. Their leaders had promised them that the Arab armies would crush the 'Zionist gangs' very quickly and that there was no need for panic or fear of a long exile." - Monsignor George Hakim, Greek Catholic Bishop of Galilee, in the Beirut newspaper Sada al Janub, August 16, 1948 "Of the 62,000 Arabs who formerly lived in Haifa not more than 5,000 or 6,000 remained.

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Egypt and Iceland in the Year 1874

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In Singapore, our past experiences have influenced treatment of various races within our multiracial and multi-religious society. Nearly all the rivers within North Africa and the Middle East begin in wetter highland regions and eventually flow across desert surfaces. The Palestinian Authority often fails to provide such services; Hamas’ efforts in this area—as well as a reputation for honesty, in contrast to the many Fatah officials accused of corruption—help to explain the broad popularity it summoned to defeat Fatah in the PA’s recent elections.

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1948. A Soldier's Tale – The Bloody Road to Jerusalem

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The Phoenicians, who lived in present-day Lebanon and coastal Syria, were pretty awesome. Part I has a few passing references, e.g. p. 29, "He who sets fire by the hand of a deaf-mute, an imbecile or a minor...", i.e. who takes advantage of the legal non-liability of people in these categories; cf CASSIN, above; MARCUS, below); also p. 100; and pp. 123 (legal incapacity of "deaf-mutes, lunatics and minors" to testify in court). Security Council Resolution 242, which sets up a two-part ‘land for peace’ solution.

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Saudi Arabia History, Early Age: The Saud Family and Wahhabi

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The United States seeks, on the contrary, to reduce its allies into vassals and thus is only ready to make minor concessions to junior allies in the triad. They grew rich on the proceeds of trade, but they would also transmit the use of the alphabet to the peoples of the Mediterranean. Having grown up in these countries and immersed in their history, they can tell their stories perhaps with more ease than those writers who have to immerse themselves in the history and culture of the country and bring other perspectives to their writing.

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Iraq Through a Bullet Hole: A Civilian Returns Home

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Because demand is increasing at the same time that known reserves are being depleted, it is clear that petroleum-dependent economies cannot be sustained indefinitely. On October 19th, Nixon declared a $2.2 billion military aid package to Israel. The first Governor-General of Pakistan, which similarly became a Dominion, was the Moslem nationalist leader, Mohammad Ali Jinnah. A follow-up law called the Connally Hot Oil Act and momentum from the federal intervention carried the states into self-imposed regulation.

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