By Phil Carradice
As 1942, the fourth 12 months of the conflict, all started, victory for the Allies was once nonetheless a ways off. German submarines have been sinking ships off the coast of the U.S. in what could turn into referred to as the ‘Second satisfied Time’ for the U-boat crews whereas Allied vessels have been falling sufferer to jap airplane and warships within the some distance East. Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen made their sprint in the course of the Channel to German waters whereas within the Arctic the battleship Tirpitz and German airplane and submarines menaced the convoys offering Russia. in spite of the fact that, convoys persisted to get via to provide beleaguered Malta regardless of heavy losses to submarines and airplane, and within the Pacific the USA military inflicted defeats at the jap on the key battles of the Coral Sea and halfway, battles during which the foremost vessels by no means truly observed one another, combating with carrier-borne airplane as a substitute. Troops have been landed at the island of Guadalcanal and in North Africa. during this ebook, Phil Carradice makes use of many infrequently visible photos to inform the tale of the second one global warfare at Sea in 1942.
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Additional info for 1939 - The Second World War at Sea in Photographs
Tragically, the blockships that had been sent for to make the defences more secure arrived the day after the sinking. Opposite top: Prien's first torpedo, which struck the battleship on her bow, did only limited damage, but, to his amazement, it also did very little to attract attention. Consequently he fired again, and this time the Royal Oak was struck amidships. The ship exploded in a ball of flame and sank, taking over 800 men with her. The Admiralty and the public were horrified that such an attack could take place inside Scapa Flow, the anchorage of the Home Fleet.
Harwood and his battered cruisers remained outside territorial waters at the mouth of the River Plate, knowing that sooner or later the Graf Spee must emerge. By now, Exeter had limped off towards Port Stanley in the Falkland Islands, but the newly repaired Cumberland soon replaced her in Harwood's tiny force. The picture shows a jubilant Harwood on the deck of the Ajax in Montevideo after the battle. 53 German dead are brought ashore from the damaged Graf Spee. An extension of stay in Montevideo was refused, and Langsdorff, given the news that he must leave port by the evening of 17 December, was faced with a terrible dilemma - fight, face internment or surrender.
For the British, however, the disaster showed the defensive inadequacies of Scapa Flow. Tragically, the blockships that had been sent for to make the defences more secure arrived the day after the sinking. Opposite top: Prien's first torpedo, which struck the battleship on her bow, did only limited damage, but, to his amazement, it also did very little to attract attention. Consequently he fired again, and this time the Royal Oak was struck amidships. The ship exploded in a ball of flame and sank, taking over 800 men with her.