By Angus Konstam
Seventh U-Boat Flotilla. Donitz's Atlantic Wolves КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Ian AllanСерия: Spearhead 07Язык: английскийФормат: PDFРазмер: 34.91 Мб ifolder.ru eighty five
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Extra info for 7th U-Boat Flotilla. Donitz's Atlantic Wolves
Over 20 merchantmen were lost, as the convoy escorts found themselves overwhelmed by the sheer scale of the attack. The group included a newcomer to the 7th Flotilla, U-207, commanded by ObltzS Fritz Meyer, who sank three merchantmen, with a combined displacement of over 11,000 tons. This system was perfected in September and October 1941, when no fewer than ten U-boat groups were created. The boats of the 7th Flotilla played a leading part in these operations, despite a continuing attrition in men and boats.
This was matched by a steady stream of reinforcements, all Type VIIC boats, so that by the end of June 1942, the flotilla strength had risen to 23 operational U-boats. While this sounded good, in fact Germany was losing the race. Allied shipbuilding capacity meant that the U-boats were finding it increasingly difficult to maintain the pressure on Britain. This second 'HappyTime' where individual ships were sunk in large numbers came to an end in mid-1942, when the Americans instituted well-defended coastal convoys.
The presence of diesel exhaust smoke on the left of the photograph suggests the picture was taken before 1942, when the use of diesel engines in harbour was prohibited. Aerial-launched acoustic mines littered the harbour, and were triggered by diesel engines, but not by electric motors. Left: St Nazaire shortly after the air raid warning system has triggered the many smoke generators set up around the town. The V-boat bunker in the harbour can be made out as a large white rectangle below a concentration of smoke obscuring many of the harbour features.