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By Majid Fakhry

The 1st complete survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic inspiration and its influence at the cultural elements of Muslim existence. Fakhry exhibits how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest instances a particular line of improvement, which supplies it the harmony and continuity which are the marks of the good highbrow hobbies of background.

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97 He refers disparagingly to those who support this view as the materialists or corporealists. The Soul, he argues, cannot reasonably be identified with the harmony which belongs to the body, since it is the principle or cause of such harmony itself. ~)~! Even the view that the Soul is an actuality (or entelecheia) of the body, which is advanced by the "more notable among the philosophers,"99 must be carefully examined. The term "entelecheia" might mean the actuality or form of a natural object or an artifact to which the entelecheia belongs purely passively and with which it is indissolubly bound up.

Pp. 355-56). 15 Al-Qift:I, Tar'fkh, p. no, and Sa'id, Tabaqat al-Umam, p. 49· See manuscript at University of St. Joseph, Beirut, No. 338. Cf. Kraus in Rivista degli Studi Orientali, XIV (1934), pp. 0. 16 Ibn ai-'Ibri, Mukhta~ar, pp. 135 f. , pp. 5. 18 Al-Fihrist, p. 354, cf. Dunlop, "The Translations of al-Bitriq and Yabia (Yobanna) b. al-Bitriq," in Journal of Royal Asiatic Society, 1959, pp. 140 f. THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT 7 Euclid and several other Greek works were also translated.

16 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT His disciple, the Jacobite Yabia b. 'Adi, also earned a fine reputation in logic and was known on that account as the Logician (al-Mantiqi). In addition to Aristotle's Poetica, Sophistica, Topica, and possibly Metaphysica,64 he is credited with a translation of Plato's Laws, a commentary on Topica and parts of Physica and Metaphysica, and the whole of De Generatione, as well as a series of original philosophical treatises, some of which have come down to us.

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