Download Abkhaz: A Comprehensive Self-Tutor by George Hewitt PDF

By George Hewitt

Show description

Read or Download Abkhaz: A Comprehensive Self-Tutor PDF

Similar nonfiction_5 books

Android Essentials (Firstpress)

Android necessities is a no–frills, no–nonsense, code–centric run during the guts of program improvement on Google’s cellular OS. This publication makes use of the improvement of a pattern program to paintings via issues, concentrating on giving builders the basic instruments and examples required to make workable advertisement purposes paintings.

Partial Differential Equations of Parabolic Type

With this booklet, even readers strange with the sphere can gather adequate heritage to appreciate learn literature. Systematic and thorough, it advances from the most evidence of the overall concept to questions of life and distinctiveness for the 1st boundary worth challenge and the differentiability of ideas.

Public Relations in India: New Tasks and Responsibilites

Public kinfolk in India is a evaluation of the heritage of Public kin (PR) on this planet and India and an in-depth severe research of the price of PR as an important function of the administration functionality. the main concentration of this ebook is what PR ability for India and different constructing international locations within the twenty first century.

Anal and Rectal Diseases: A Concise Manual

Anal and Rectal ailments: A Concise handbook offers a succinct reference at the topic for clinicians, together with fundamental care physicians, gastroenterologists, common surgeons, physician's assistants and nurse practitioners. offered in a constant structural sort that gives either a basic precis of person issues in the box besides extra information to aid people with a few heritage wisdom within the topic zone, this useful quantity presents details regarding the sector of anorectal illness in a structure that's simply obtainable for speedy acquisition of data.

Extra resources for Abkhaz: A Comprehensive Self-Tutor

Sample text

In the case o f'ch ild ' the change is not great (and, in fact, final -ы w ill always drop before a pluraliser and transfer its stress to it), but it is more radical in the case o f ахаца 'man', which bccomes ахацәа 'men'; for апҳәыс 'woman' the change is so radical that one might almost speak o f rool-suppletion, which is when an entirely different root is employed, for the form in question is аҳәса(қәа) 'women'. Examples: Human Nouns Non-human Nouns English Singular Plural English Singular Plural girl аӡҕаб аӡҕабцәа tree ацла ацлақәа son ana аҧацәа horse аҽы аҽқәа daughter аҧҳа аҧҳацәа flea аӡ аӡқәа grandmother анд(ы)у анд(ы)уцәа water аӡы аӡқәа grandfather абд(ы)у абд(ы)уцәа dog ала алақәа pupil ацааы ацаацәа eye а(б)ла а(б)лақәа 29 teacher арцааы арцаацәа fish аҧсыӡ ап,сы5 қза dead person аҧсы аҧецәа soul аҧсы аҧсқза mother [а|ан анацәа god анцәа 1 анцәақәа father |а|аб абацәа billy-goat аб абқәа brother [а|аиашьа аи(а)шьцәа2 book ашәкәы ашәкәқәа sister |а]аиаҳәшьа аи(а)ҳәшь- goat аџьма аџьмақәа falcon ахьшь(ы)ц- ахьшьцба- ба қәа цәа1 friend ааыза ааызцәа/ аиаызцәа4 shepherd ахьча ахьшьцәа hawk ахьшь ахьшьқәа peasant анхааы анха(а)цәа 5 chair акәардз акәардәқәа hunter ашәары/а- ашәары/а- rope ашаха ашахақәа цаа ца(а)цәа |а|аашьааы аашьа(а)- medicine ахәшә ахәшәқәа squirrel аеш аешқәа lazybones цәа representa­ ахаҭарнак tive ахаҭарнакцәа thief аҕьыч аҕьычцәа cheese [а]ашә ашәқәа old woman аҭакәажә аҭакәажә- door ашә ашәқәа skewer ацәы ацәқәа цәа old man аҭаҳмада аҭаҳмада- host аҧшәма аҧшзмацәа river аӡиас аӡиасқәа guest асас асасцәа lake аӡиа аӡиақәа doctor аҳақьым аҳақьымцәа cart ауардын ауардынқәа artist асахьаҭых- асахьаҭых- house ааны аанқәа аы ыацәа цәа 1This word looks lo be the plural o f 'mother', but clearly 'mothers' (in modem Abkhaz at least) is produced differently.

G. аҵла '(the) tree' +аҳарак 'tali' => ацла ҳарак '(ihe) tall tree'; acac '(the) guest' + абааҧсы 'rotten' => acac бааҧсы '(the) no-good guest’. g. g. аилақәа ҳаракқәа '(the) tall trees'; асасцәа бааҧсцәа/бааҧсқәа '(the) no-good guests'). g. хацак 'one man', ҧҳәыск 'one woman', цәак 'one apple', ҷкәынак 'one boy', ӡкы 'one flea', ӡык 'one water'). g. хаца д(ы)ук 'one big man', ҧҳәыс д(ы)ук 'one big woman’, цәа д(ы)ук one big apple', ҷкәына д(ы)ук 'one big boy', 3 д(ы)ук 'one big Пеа', ӡ(ы) д(ы)ук 'one big water'; ҵла ҳаракык 'one tall tree'13).

By night') уажәтәи [а]аамҭа 'the present time’ (cf. уажәы 'now') ҽынлатәи сус(ы)ура 'my day(-time) work(ing)’ (cf. еынла 'by day') аратәи аҷкәынцоа 'local lads' (cf. apa 'here') уатәи шәус 'your-PL job over there' (cf. ya 'there') *®This is the Present tense o f the Stative verb meaning 'it is better’; see Lesson 3 for the structure o f such verti-fonns. 45 арҕьарахьтәи аоны 'ihc house on Ihe right' (cf. |а|арр>арахь 'to the right') армарахьтәи амаа 'the road on the left' (cf. [а|армарахь 'to the left') An almost similar adjective-forming suffix is -тә(ы), one o f whose functions is lo indicate the material oul o f which a noun is made.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.09 of 5 – based on 13 votes