By Kirsten Heimann
Molecular study on algae during the last many years has supplied major insights into common organic mechanisms. this data has proved necessary to the sector of biotechnology the place study on new functions in nutrition tradition, biofuel and prescription drugs is underway. This new e-book on algal phone biology presents an summary of state-of-the-art learn with a spotlight on cytoskeleton structure/function and cytokinesis of algae.
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Additional resources for Advances in Algal Cell Biology
Evol. 3: 359–364. Krause, K. 2008.
Such mosaicism is the result of the complexities of EGT. Algal nuclear genomes have incorporated many plastid-derived genes that encode plastid-targeted proteins, but in some cases non-cyanobacterial genes have been co-opted for this purpose. For example, Martin and Schnarrenberger (1997) showed that Calvin cycle enzymes in the flowering plant Arabidopsis are a mosaic of proteins of both cyanobacterial and non-cyanobacterial origin (Martin and Schnarrenberger 1997). Significantly, a similar pattern was also seen in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon (Matsuzaki et al.
The diagram shows two possible scenarios to explain the sisterhood of non-cyanobacterial and plastid-derived genes in phylogenetic analyses. (A) A prokaryotic lineage ‘A’ established an interactive relationship with a plastid-bearing eukaryote, which is not found today, and donates genes to this eukaryote but not to cyanobacteria. (B) A prokaryotic lineage ‘B’ donates genes to an ancestral cyanobacterial lineage after the divergence/evolution of plastids. Both schemes are consistent with the known distribution of non-cyanobacterial genes in primary plastid-bearing eukaryotes.