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By Mason, Herbert I.W.

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Hamid was removed from power, but only temporarily. The forces of opposition to critics of unlawfully exercised power and those of potential popular riot were merely regrouping for the next occasion. The next step in the progression toward the inevitable trial of Hallaj brought together, on the political plane, old enemies become allies through a common goal. The Greek eunuch Commanderin-chief, Mu'riis Qushuri (d. 321/933), once closely allied to the Queen Mother Shaghab as head of the court harem, and to Grand Chamberlain Nasr, also of Greek origin, who had elevated him to Commander of field police forces, destined to lead the forces of the Caliphate of Muqtadir against the enemies of the Samanids, its allies, and later against the Daylamites in eastern Iran, returned to Baghdad, and this time came under the influence of Hamid, whose intrigue was now aimed mostly against a prominent Samanid vizir, Bal'ami, the learned translator and patron of The Facts of His Life and Theme of Disappearance 25 works transmitted in the "new Persian" language, and a disciple of Hallaj from earlier days.

Hallaj was thus part of a tradition and, more particularly, of only one emphasis within that tradition that was older than himself and that would survive the horror of his death. Junayd and other advocates of the "sobriety" (sahw) versus the "intoxication" (sukr) emphasis seem to have understood the dangers to the tradition of separate, individual inspiration (ilham) as verified by the death of Hallaj. For their heirs and for most traditionalists over the centuries he also became a legend proving the wisdom of the forbidden.

XVII) and whose destiny, in his own case, was condemnation and death at the hands of jealous and 34 Hallaj manipulative government and religious bureaucrats. And after his death, for centuries, even to the present day, he has remained a subject of controversy and devotion, of denial and affection: on the one hand, examined by those traditionalist experts in Islamic Sacred Law and Shi'ite legitimists bent on preserving their respective notions of authority; and on the other hand, revered by disciples and ordinary folk preserving and transforming his name into legend.

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