By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The publication specializes in geological heritage because the serious consider deciding upon the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the several riding mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored through reviewing the heritage of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the position of mountain uplift and weather switch.
This publication provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic checklist of Amazonia that used to be characterised by means of fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely assorted natural world. This fauna contains giants corresponding to the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but additionally a diverse fish fauna and fragile molluscs, when fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
eventually, a assessment the molecular datasets of the trendy Amazonian rainforest and aquatic surroundings, discussing the potential relatives among the beginning of Amazonian species variety and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the US. The multidisciplinary technique in comparing the historical past of Amazonia has ended in a finished quantity that gives novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One creation: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic heritage of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the advance of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin approach (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for nearby Geology in Northern South the USA (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its impression on previous Fluvial structures (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the improvement of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine effect in Amazonia: facts from the Geological checklist (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the USA and their impression on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement procedures in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather version in Amazonia throughout the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain variety (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen glossy Andean Rainfall edition in the course of ENSO Cycles and its effect at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A assessment of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the US (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement over the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The foundation of the fashionable Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical list (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological standpoint (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and ancient techniques to styles of Tree variety and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian vegetation and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular standpoint (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular stories and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic versions (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the starting place of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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Extra resources for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
The Imataca Complex, a 500-km long ENE–WSW-stretching high-grade metamorphic complex in the northwesternmost part of the Guiana Shield in Venezuela consists of granulites, gneisses and amphibolites with important occurrences of BIF, and has long been considered to be of Archean age as well (Montgomery & Hurley 1978). 0-Ga metamorphic overgrowths of the zircons suggest that the high-grade metamorphism is of Trans-Amazonian age, unlike the Carajás granulites (Tassinari et al. 2004a,b). The Carajás, Amapá and Imataca terranes are far apart from each other, and there is no physical connection between them; all rocks in the intervening part show Trans-Amazonian or younger ages, although occasionally Archean zircons have been found in some rocks (Delor et al.
A final marker event in the geological history of northern South America was the closure of the Panama isthmus around 3 Ma. Although tectonism is ongoing, this concluded the Present geographical configuration of the South American continent, its landscape and modern drainage systems (see also Chapter 26). Cratonic and Andean-driven depositional systems River systems of cratonic descent or local lowland origin have dominated Amazonian landscapes throughout their history. In this book we review the Mesozoic and Cenozoic cratonic fluvial systems by comparing four different fluvial formations that range in age from Cretaceous to Late Neogene (see Chapter 7).
This controversy is at the heart of an old question, the subject of the International Geological Correlation Project 204, about whether the Amazonian Craton is a large Archean platform reworked and reactivated during the Proterozoic (Almeida et al. indd 11 by Teixeira et al. 1989). In this chapter we will argue that the concept of geochronological provinces is no longer useful, and that many previous subdivisions of the Amazonian Craton based on geochronological provinces will have to be revised.