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By Franz Bopp

The booklet in 1816 of Bopp’s Über das Conjugationssystem may be thought of the start of a scientific comparability of Indo-European languages, and therefore as having led too the advance of the examine of language as a technology, detailed from philology. The Analytical Comparison (1820) represents no longer basically a translation into English, as has been claimed within the literature, yet an important enhance in theoretical readability and methodological soundness.
This reprint is followed through a bio-bibliographical account of Bopp by means of J. D. Guigniaut, an advent to Analytical Comparison through Friedrich Techmer, and a letter to Bopp by way of Wilhelm von Humboldt. in addition, the editor, E. F. okay. Koerner, has extra a Foreword, opt for bibliography, and index.

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Additional resources for Analytical Comparison of the Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, and Teutonic Languages, shewing the original identity of their grammatical structure

Example text

Seiner indoeuropäischen V g l . zunächst ABLAUT, Sprachstamms1 VGL. GRAMM, unter d e r B e z e i c h n u n g d e s zusammen. 5 V g l . o b e n d a s i m VOKALISMUS ü b e r A b l a u t 6 V g l . d i e B e s p r e c h u n g dieser e n g l . Ü b e r s e t z u n g v o m O k t . 1851 unter COMPARATIVE P H I L O ­ angeführte. L O G Y I . W i r lesen d a s e l b s t S . 3 0 : h i s C O N J U G A T I O N S - S Y S T E M w a s t r a n s l a t e d . into E n g l i s h as early as 1 8 2 0 , in t h e ANNALS OF ORIENTAL LITERATURE (ANALYTICAL COMPARISON .

UND WEISHEIT DER INDER, 1808, S. 28: 'Jener unterscheidende Punkt aber, der hier alles aufhellen wird, ist die i n n e r e S t r u k t u r der Sprr. oder die v e r g l e i c h e n d e G r a m m a t i k , welche uns ganz neue Aufschlüsse über die Genealogie der Sprr. auf ähnliche Weise geben wird, wie die vgl. ' FRIEDR. , welche die Verhältnis­ begriffe durch innere Veränderung und Umbiegen der Wurzel (Flexion) an­ deuten und organisch entstanden seien. Die Wurzel sei auf dieser höchsten Stufe ein Keim, der sich lebendig entfalte.

Seulement, lui qui, pour les flexions, pour certaines variations des voyelles, entendait tout expliquer par des lois naturelles et repoussait, comme nous l'avons vu, toute idée de mystère, il s'arrête, dit-il ex­ pressément, devant celui des racines. I1 renonce à pénétrer la cause pour laquelle telle conception est marquée par tel son plutôt que par tel autre. C'est que cette question, impli­ quant celle de l'origine même du langage, dépassait l'horizon de ses recherches, et qu'il n'avait point de solution à en pro­ poser.

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