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By A. Souaiaia

Anatomy of Dissent in Islam is an interdisciplinary examine of political and criminal dissent in Islamic civilization from the 7th century on. (7th century). utilizing Ibadism as a case learn, this paintings explores the occasions and teachings that formed legitimacy and uprising, orthodoxy and sectarianism, and legislations and tradition in Islamic societies.

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Extra resources for Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies: Ibadism, Rebellion, and Legitimacy

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In theory, the community can dispose of the caliph if and when he fails to perform these functions. Such removal is authorized under the often-heard doctrine of “enjoining good and forbidding evil” (al-amr bi-‘l-ma’rūf wa-‘l-nahy ‘an al-munkar). 15 The glue that holds the leader (caliph/imām) and the community together is the process of bay’ah (oath of loyalty; endorsement). This process is the final step in establishing the head of the community. First, through various processes, representatives of the community select a candidate.

More importantly, he initiated a registry (dīwān) that included the names of those who volunteered in the army and provided them and their families with a pension. ‘Umar is also credited with creating the first efficient administrative bureaucracy. He appointed governors, judges, teachers, and market controllers. He also had a major role in determining the nature of the interaction 34 Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies between Muslims and non-Muslims and Arabs and non-Arabs. For instance, when Jerusalem fell into the hands of Muslim armies, he ordered his generals not to enter the city until his arrival.

In this work, I present Islamic historical political and legal expressions as being framed by two fundamental positions: the preservation of moral imperatives and the dispensation of justice. That is to say that Islam’s primary purpose is social in nature. While the Prophet Muhammad proclaimed his mission as divinely sanctioned and faith focused, his immediate work concerned the social ills of the society he lived in. Both his claim that he was but a link in a long chain of Semitic prophets and his emphasis on the continued applicability of most Jewish and Christian teachings tend to deemphasize his role as a religious innovator.

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