Download Axis Midget Submarines: 1939-45 by Jamie Prenatt PDF

By Jamie Prenatt

Axis Midget Submarines details the heritage, guns, and operations of German, eastern, and Italian midget submarines in the course of international warfare II. Over this era, Germany, Japan, and Italy outfitted nearly 2,000 small, inherently stealthy, naval craft to accomplish specific operations and traditional military missions. even more various and extra technically complex than their Allied opposite numbers, they observed provider world wide, working within the Pacific, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Indian Ocean, North Sea, and the English Channel. Manned by means of brave crews, those vessels made bold assaults on Allied ships in seriously secure anchorages utilizing torpedoes and mines. such a lot awesome have been assaults opposed to Gibraltar - introduced from an Italian shipment vessel interred in within sight impartial Spain that have been switched over right into a clandestine aid base and outfitted with an underwater hatch - and Pearl Harbor. They have been used opposed to transport in coastal waters and, close to the tip of the struggle, in determined makes an attempt to offset their rivals' overwhelming naval superiority in the course of the US increase around the Pacific and the Allied amphibious landings in France and Italy.

during this e-book, the time period midget submarine contains submarines of under 50 lots, built with torpedoes and a group of 1-4, and manned torpedoes, rather brief diversity torpedo-size craft with one or operators and armed with both mines or one torpedo. It excludes vessels designed as suicide craft. It addresses operational vessels and prototypes, spanning eleven German, four eastern, and five Italian periods. the main complex kinds included leading edge layout gains and served because the foundation for a few post-war vessels. This e-book additionally in brief covers the bigger vessels used to move the midget submarines to their operational components. additionally incorporated is an research of the effectiveness of those vessels, together with an exam in their strengths and weaknesses. The luck (or loss of good fortune) could be mentioned either within the context of the person vessel layout and as an element in their respective nation's submarine strength. also they are in comparison to comparable Allied designs.

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Additional info for Axis Midget Submarines: 1939-45

Sample text

All of the Okinawa-based midgets were lost. Analysis and Conclusion The Japanese midget submarines were the most sophisticated of any midgets of World War II. However, their design was far from perfect. Aside from the problem of a short range already mentioned, Japanese midgets had continuing issues with keeping proper depth and tended to broach unexpectedly. G 44 ATTACK ON HMS RAMILLIES This scene depicts the moment that HMS Ramillies was struck by a Japanese midget-sub torpedo in Diego Suarez harbor on May 30, 1942.

The first manned trials were conducted in October and continued through December 1934. Despite the promise showed in the tests by the two prototypes, further progress on the program was halted until two additional midgets were ordered in the summer of 1939 for additional trials. These were launched in April and June 1940. The new set of trials included launching from the stern ramp of seaplane tender Chiyoda, which was accomplished successfully in a variety of sea conditions and at differing THE GERMAN PROTOTYPE VESSELS The top profile shows the Seeteufel.

To deliver the short-ranged midget subs to their targets, they advocated the use of fleet submarines as mother subs. In support of this idea, target studies were done on several potential enemy bases including Pearl Harbor. The Naval General Staff was also approached with the concept. Later in September, midget submarines from Chiyoda conducted a series of night exercises to prove the viability of the concept. F 36 THE JAPANESE MIDGET SUBMARINES The top profile shows the Target A Type A midget submarine.

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