By Craig N. Cipolla
Covering the eighteenth century to the current, the ebook explores the emergence of the Brothertown Indians, a "new" neighborhood of local peoples shaped in direct reaction to colonialism and guided by way of the imaginative and prescient of Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian and ordained Presbyterian minister. Breaking clear of their domestic settlements of coastal New England in the course of the overdue eighteenth century, contributors of varied tribes migrated to Oneida nation in imperative big apple kingdom in hopes of escaping East Coast land politics and the corrupting impacts of colonial tradition. within the 19th century, the recent group relocated once more, this time to present-day Wisconsin, the place the Brothertown Indian state is still established today.
Cipolla combines historic archaeology, headstone reports, and discourse research to inform the tale of the Brothertown Indians. The publication develops a practical method of the research of colonialism whereas including an archaeological standpoint on Brothertown heritage, filling an important hole within the nearby archaeological literature.
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Additional info for Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World
Indeed, the latter components of this chapter—specifically the description of the contemporary Brothertown community’s active involvement and participation in the production of this 32 chapter 3 particular iteration of Brothertown history—confirm that Commuck’s veiled prediction was absolutely correct. Samson Occom Samson Occom (1723–92) was born on Mohegan lands in the area of currentday Uncasville and Montville, Connecticut (Love 1899; Occom 2006e ; Ottery and Ottery 1989). His mother, Sarah Sampson, was Mashantucket or Groton Pequot, and his father, Joshua Okham, was Mohegan.
As I discuss next, this general pragmatic approach articulates closely with other contemporary studies of ethnicity and ethnogenesis, particularly those taking influence from the work of Fredrik Barth. pragmatism and archaeology 25 Approaching Brothertown Ethnogenesis Ethnogenesis is the process by which new ethnic identities emerge (Hill 1996; Sider 1994; Sturtevant 1971; Voss 2008a, 2008c). As with the Brothertown Indians, subaltern groups sometimes reinvented themselves. This is particularly true in situations of colonialism, where individuals and groups created new identities and modes of social classification as they incorporated once-foreign ideas, materials, and practices and responded to colonial power structures.
The concept of ethnicity first made its way into archaeology in the nineteenth century. At the time, culture history archaeologists focused specifically on identifying ethnic groups in terms of their respective archaeological “signatures” and on tracing their distinct histories (Trigger 2006). Later in the same century, archaeologists incorporated the concept of culture to describe the phenomena they studied (Díaz Andreu and Lucy 2005; Jones 1997; Shennan 1989). Archaeological cultures were defined by the unique characteristics of artifacts and sites found within a particular spatiotemporal context.