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By Donna Brunero

This is an in-depth account of the chinese language Imperial Maritime Customs provider, a uniquely cosmopolitan establishment validated within the wake of China's defeat within the Opium Wars (1842 to 43), and a principal characteristic of the Treaty Port system.

The British-dominated carrier used to be headed by way of the well-known Robert Hart who based a far-reaching customs management that still encompassed different tasks corresponding to marine and harbour upkeep, quarantine, anti-piracy patrols and postal providers. This establishment sat at an important juncture among chinese language and overseas pursuits, and used to be in detail associated with British pursuits and fortunes within the a long way East. Following the institution of the Republic in 1911 there have been grave misgivings as to if the overseas portion of the provider could live to tell the tale. but the provider grew in impact and power, making sure the international inspectorate a persisted function in China's affairs.

Delivering an evaluation of the provider, its paperwork, monetary obligations and existence for foreigners in its hire, focusing in particular at the later years of the Service, Donna Brunero draws at the reviews of the overseas management of the provider because it tried to barter among chinese language and international expectancies and pursuits.

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Extra resources for Britain's Imperial Cornerstone in China: The Chinese Maritime Customs Service, 1854-1949

Sample text

The development of the Service as a major revenue source was, in Aglen’s perception, closely linked to the finances of the Chinese Government and also foreign interests in China. He outlined: It seems to me that the Service has gone through two stages and is on the eve of a third. At first it was a purely Chinese institution maintained and supported by the Government because we supplied a certain income which the Gov. [sic] found very useful. ’s interest still predominant: the Indemnity gave the foreign Governments a financial interest in us; the revolution which gave us control of revenue and loan service, transformed us into an unofficial foreign Caisse de la dette, a position full of anomalies, but on the whole suitable to the times….

32 They awarded the Financial Medal to staff who had made contributions to the financial affairs of the Chinese Government. It was open to any employee from the finance department but also to others who had made a contribution to the government’s financial dealings. 33 There were nine divisions of Financial Medals: 1st Class (three grades), 2nd Class (three grades) and 3rd Class (three grades). The Medal for Meritorious Service was designed as recognition of staff who had served 25 years of continuous and distinguished service.

CYB 1934 497. $. 80 to calculate the 1923–5 figures and to randomly check other figures. Source: Maritime Customs reports and CYB 1934. would also have been a result of the Nationalists having gained tariff autonomy and having increased their tariffs accordingly. Import and export duty constituted the largest sources of revenue for the Customs. Of these, however, import duties always remained the dominant concern. These two duties confirm the significance of the Service in moderating and controlling trade to and from China.

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