By Arkady Plotnitsky
The ebook deals an exploration of the relationships among epistemology and chance within the paintings of Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, and Erwin Schrödinger; in quantum mechanics; and in sleek physics as an entire. It additionally considers the results of those relationships and of quantum idea itself for our realizing of the character of pondering and data often. those implications are radical and debatable. whereas they've been noticeable as scientifically effective and intellectually freeing to a few, Bohr and Heisenberg between them, they've been not easy to many others, starting with Schrödinger and, so much famously, Einstein, who refused to think that God could inn to enjoying cube, as quantum conception seemed to call for. the location ended in an excessive debate, particularly the nice disagreement among Einstein and Bohr, which all started round the time of the invention of quantum mechanics through Heisenberg and Schrödinger in Nineteen Twenties and has overshadowed the historical past of the controversy pertaining to quantum mechanics ever seeing that. the debate itself surrounding quantum idea and the depth of the controversy bearing on it have remained undiminished. No finish seems to be in sight. while, inspite of the large and ever proliferating quantity of commentaries in all genres (technical, philosophical, and popular), the various deeper philosophical points of quantum mechanics and of the philosophical considered the figures thought of during this examine usually stay explored. the most objective of this e-book is to give a contribution to a greater realizing of the character of quantum-theoretical considering and of the explanations for this impressive impression and controversy. Philosophically, the ebook pursues this activity by way of bringing jointly in a brand new means the relationships among epistemology and chance in quantum concept and past. traditionally, it does so by means of enticing comprehensively and in a collectively illuminating approach with the paintings of all 3 key figures accountable for the start of quantum mechanics - Heisenberg, Schrödinger, and, as matters quantum epistemology, Bohr - which has no longer be formerly performed in literature on quantum mechanics. between different key contributions of the publication is an research of the function of arithmetic in quantum conception and within the taking into consideration Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger; a brand new remedy of the well-known test of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen (EPR) and of the Bohr-Einstein alternate referring to it; and an exploration of the consequences of the epistemological problematics thought of via the ebook for brand spanking new advancements of quantum mechanics itself, corresponding to quantum details thought, at the one hand, and, at the different, for higher-level actual theories, from quantum box thought to string/brane theories and new cosmological theories.