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By Ali Gheissari

Iran is a key participant in essentially the most the most important problems with our time. yet as a result of its relative diplomatic isolation and the partisan nature of conflicting debts voiced by way of assorted curiosity teams either inside and out the rustic, there's a scarcity of challenging information regarding the dimensions and intensity of social swap in latest Iran. during this quantity, and enforcing roster of either the world over well known Iranian students and emerging younger Iranian lecturers provide contributions--many in response to fresh fieldwork--on the character and evolution of Iran's economic climate, major elements of Iran's altering society, and the dynamics of its family and foreign politics because the 1979 revolution, focusing rather at the post-Khomeini interval. The e-book might be of significant curiosity not just to Iran experts, but in addition to students of comparative politics, democratization, social switch, politics within the Muslim global, and heart jap experiences.

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In fact, for the majority of Iranian students, only the “big test,” the national university entrance examination, matters. As a result, the education system has gravitated toward producing diplomas rather than productive skills. The education system has been adversely influenced by the labor market. Employment in Iran is a long-term affair; there is little turnover, in terms of either quits or layoffs. Public-sector employment has always carried with it implied lifetime tenure. After the Revolution, this situation was extended to formal private-sector employment as well.

A notable change in the proportion of adults to children is evident in these population pyramids. 10, showing more clearly the impressive rise in the ratio of adults (ages 20–54) to children (ages 0–14). The adult-child ratio measures the human-resource dimension of educational resources. Children are taught by adults, whether at home or at school. The home environment is important for education and is heavily influenced by the number of children, which is one reason we find a strong correlation between the education of children and their parents, in Iran as elsewhere (Salehi-Isfahani 2001).

Others constitute trade-offs and compromises: food subsidies and labor-market regulations. The effect on growth of other policies, such as direct transfers to low-income families and social protection, are less clear. Most of these policies have been highly effective in transforming the lives of Iran’s poor households. In particular, the delivery of health services to rural areas is credited with the rapid decrease in child mortality and fertility, while education policies have played an important role in reducing illiteracy and eliminating the gender gap in schooling.

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