By Eric W. Osborne
Cruisers and conflict Cruisers: An Illustrated background in their impression КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns & WarfareАвтор(ы): Eric W. OsborneЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2004Количество страниц: 300ISBN: 1-85109-370-2Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.72 mb RapidIfolder sixty eight
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Additional info for Cruisers and Battle Cruisers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
Other maritime nations also built steam-powered frigates with the same general design characteristics as Gorgon. France built THE PRECEDENTS TO THE CRUISER some paddle-wheel frigates in the 1840s to counter Great Britain. The United States also produced steam-driven frigates. In 1841, it launched the two paddle-wheel frigates Mississippi and Missouri, the first successful steam-powered warships in the United States Navy. The Mississippi measured 229 feet by 40 feet and displaced 3,200 tons. The vessel mounted two 10-inch guns and eight 8-inch guns on its sides.
Constructed in sections through attaching iron plates with rivets to its iron frame, this paddle-wheel steamer was relatively small, measuring only 106 feet, 9 inches by 17 feet, 2 inches, and displaced 116 tons. Its size allowed for commercial travel between London and Paris, as it could steam laden with goods across the English Channel and travel via the Thames River to London and the Seine River to Paris. The vessel’s career is a testimony to the advantages of iron construction. Its hull suffered little damage despite numerous groundings in shallow waters that would have caused great damage to wooden ships.
Between 1840 and 1860, Great Britain produced 16 paddle-wheel frigates and 28 screw frigates; France built 19 paddle wheelers and 16 screw frigates; the United States possessed three paddle-wheel frigates and seven screw frigates. Russia, slow to embrace the new technology despite being a significant naval power, operated nine screw frigates. Other powers also produced frigates that carried technological innovations. 8 Warships once again exhibited technological innovations in combat during the 1861–1865 American Civil War.