By Dave Baum
The Lego Mindstorms Robotics Invention method used to be brought in 1998, and fast grew to become Lego's best-selling equipment. From its surveys, Lego chanced on that the median paying for age for the Mindstorms package is 23. The Mindstorms Programmable Brick, known as the RCX, features a microcomputer that allows those that construct the robots to then software their circulate. Sensors and cars could be connected to the RCX and a standard Lego version can flow, feel and reply to its setting. The Mindstorms equipment does comprise uncomplicated directions and pattern robots, yet those are usually not finished. This publication features a number of new robots, reasons for readers, and idea at the back of the perform of establishing robots.
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Additional info for Dave Baum’s Definitive Guide to LEGO MINDSTORMS
The problem with swapl is that it uses call by value, so when called like this swapl(a, b); the values of a and b will be copied into temporary variables. The contents of these temporary variables will then get swapped, but a and b will remain unchanged. By using pass by reference, swap2 avoids this problem. No temporary variables are created, and the function operates on its arguments directly. Note that it is illegal to use anything other than a variable as an actual argument for type int &. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ INTRODUCTION TO NQC I 55 swap2(a, 123); II ERROR, 123 is not a variable!
Sometimes it is desirable to limit its detection to light coming from a specific Figure 2-7: direction. An example would be a robot Narrowing the Light Sensor's that wanted to look around and find a Field of Vision bright light. This can be done quite easily by using one or more 1x2 beams to narrow the sensor's field of vision. Black beams work best since they reflect the least amount of light. It is important that the sensor's phototransistor line up with the beam's hole, which is easily accomplished by making the beam and the sensor's bottom flush with one another.
Note that these commands can be used even when the output is off (or floating); the direction will then be remembered the next time the motor is turned on. Fwd(OUT A); Rev(OUT_B); Toggle(OUT_A + OUT_B); II set A to the forward direction II set B to the reverse direction II toggle A and B TUrning a motor on and setting its direction are so often done together that NQC provides commands combining these actions. OnFwd(OUT_A); OnRev(OUT_B); II turn on A in forward direction II turn on B in the reverse direction These commands are merely for the programmer's convenience.