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By R. Fantechi, N.S. Margaris

Lawsuits of the knowledge Symposium within the EEC Programme in Climatology held in Mytilene, Greece, April 15-18, 1984

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Extra info for Desertification in Europe: Proceedings of the Information Symposium in the EEC Programme on Climatology, held in Mytilene, Greece, 15–18 April 1984

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The climatic change scenarios should neither be construed as predictions of a future climatic change caused by changes in co 2 concentrations and other boundary conditions, nor as estimates of forthcoming climatic events due to the inherent variability of climate, but rather as a set of self-consistent and plausible patterns of change (1). 1 General circulation models In order to study the effects of a co 2 doubling, we make use of sensitivity experiments that have been performed with GCMs at the British Meteorological Office, Bracknell, UK (BMO); the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, USA (GISS) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA (NCAR).

8°C respectively) and increased monsoon rains (about 20%). For January, the decreased solar radiation at 6 and 9,000 YBP is associated with lower temperatures, whereas precipitation changes are small. , in mid-latitudes 8% more in summer and 9% less in winter (Berger, 1983)) produced an increased seasonal temperature contrast with warmer NH summers and colder NH winters, and increased summer monsoon rains. This is also seen in southern Europe were temperature increased by zoe in July and was more or less the same as today in January.

5. Williams et al. , 1974) with a five-level atmospheric model, the simulated sea-level pressure distribution showed more drastic changes than those reported by Gates (1976). For example, cyclonic activity was displaced southward in January and July by land and sea ice with the main activity south of the Laurentide ice sheet being in winter. 6. 1. Paleoclimatic data The history of the retreat of the North America and northern Europe ice sheets after the last ice-age maximum 18,000 years ago is fairly well known (Duplessy and Ruddiman, 1984).

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